The transformation of russia 2 14 13

The end goal is to provide these senior leaders with improved data and insights to make better 'people' related decisions that ultimately improve organizational performance. He is currently the Head of Strategic Workforce Planning at Facebook where his key mandate is to create workforce forecasts and to develop optimized talent strategies for Facebook's future growth.

The transformation of russia 2 14 13

Russia Table of Contents The gradual accession of Stalin to power in the s eventually brought an end to the liberalization of society and the economy, leading instead to a period of unprecedented government control, mobilization, and terrorization of society in Russia and the other Soviet republics.

In the s, agriculture and industry underwent brutal forced centralization, and Russian cultural activity was highly restricted. Industrialization and Collectivization At the end of the s, a dramatic new phase in economic development began when Stalin decided to carry out a program of intensive socialist construction.

The transformation of russia 2 14 13

To some extent, Stalin pressed economic development at this point as a political maneuver to eliminate rivals within the party.

Because Bukharin and some other party members would not give up the gradualistic NEP in favor of radical development, Stalin branded them "right-wing deviationists" and during and used the party organization to remove them from influential positions.

Between andthe State Planning Committee Gosudarstvennyy planovyy komitet--Gosplan worked out the First Five-Year Plan see Glossary for intensive economic growth; Stalin began to implement this plan--his "revolution from above"--in The First Five-Year Plan called for rapid industrialization of the economy, with particular emphasis on heavy industry.

The economy was centralized: But because Stalin insisted on unrealistic production targets, serious problems soon arose. With the greatest share of investment put into heavy industry, widespread shortages of consumer goods occurred, and inflation grew.

The effect of this restructuring was to reintroduce a kind of serfdom into the countryside. Although the program was designed to affect all peasants, Stalin in particular sought to eliminate the wealthiest peasants, known as kulaks.

Generally, kulaks were only marginally better off than other peasants, but the party claimed that the kulaks had ensnared the rest of the peasantry in capitalistic relationships.

In any event, collectivization met widespread resistance not only from the kulaks but from poorer peasants as well, and a desperate struggle of the peasantry against the authorities ensued.

Peasants slaughtered their cows and pigs rather than turn them over to the collective farms, with the result that livestock resources remained below the level for years afterward. The state in turn forcibly collectivized reluctant peasants and deported kulaks and active rebels to Siberia.

Within the collective farms, the authorities in many instances exacted such high levels of procurement that starvation was widespread. By Stalin realized that both the economy and society were under serious strain.

Russia - Transformation of Russia in the Nineteenth Century

Although industry failed to meet its production targets and agriculture actually lost ground in comparison with yields, Stalin declared that the First Five-Year Plan had successfully met its goals in four years. He then proceeded to set more realistic goals. Under the Second Five-Year Planthe state devoted attention to consumer goods, and the factories built under the first plan helped increase industrial output in general.

The Third Five-Year Plan, begun inproduced poorer results because of a sudden shift of emphasis to armaments production in response to the worsening international climate.

In general, however, the Soviet economy had become industrialized by the end of the s. Agriculture, which had been exploited to finance the industrialization drive, continued to show poor returns throughout the decade. The Purges The complete subjugation of the party to Stalin, its leader, paralleled the subordination of industry and agriculture to the state.

Stalin had assured his preeminent position by squelching Bukharin and the "right-wing deviationists" in and To secure his absolute control over the party, however, Stalin began to purge leaders and rank-and-file members whose loyalty he doubted.

Although details remain murky, many Western historians believe that Stalin instigated the murder to rid himself of a potential opponent. In any event, in the resultant mass purge of the local Leningrad party, thousands were deported to camps in Siberia. Their confessions were quickly followed by execution.

Coincident with the show trials of the original leadership of the party, unpublicized purges swept through the ranks of younger leaders in party, government, industrial management, and cultural affairs.

Party purges in the non-Russian republics were particularly severe. The Yezhovshchina "era of Yezhov," named for NKVD chief Nikolay Yezhov ravaged the military as well, leading to the execution or incarceration of about half the officer corps.

The secret police also terrorized the general populace, with untold numbers of common people punished after spurious accusations.Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky. Nationality: Russian Place of Birth: Moscow, Russia Place of Death: St. Petersburg, Russia Table of Contents: Personal Writings by the Author Introduction.

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Russia Table of Contents The gradual accession of Stalin to power in the s eventually brought an end to the liberalization of society and the economy, leading instead to a period of unprecedented government control, mobilization, and terrorization of society in Russia and the other Soviet republics.

"SEC. (a) There is hereby created and established a permanent police force, to be known as the `United States Secret Service Uniformed Division'.

Subject to the supervision of the Secretary of Homeland Security, the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division shall perform such duties as the Director, United States Secret Service, may prescribe.

Homeland Security and the transformation of America