The life and works of nathaniel hawthorne

He wrote and published several short stories centered on a human. He was known for his theme which was characterized by the negative attitude, evil and sinful nature of humanity.

The life and works of nathaniel hawthorne

His earliest American ancestor, William Hathorne Nathaniel added the w to the name when he began to writewas a magistrate who had sentenced a Quaker woman to public whipping. She moved in with her affluent brothers, the Mannings. Hawthorne grew up in their house in Salem and, for extensive periods during his teens, in Raymond, Maine, on the shores of Sebago Lake.

Hawthorne did not distinguish himself as a young man.

The life and works of nathaniel hawthorne

Instead, he spent nearly a dozen years reading and trying to master the art of writing fiction. First works In college Hawthorne had excelled only in composition and had determined to become a writer. Upon graduation, he had written an amateurish novelFanshawewhich he published at his own expense—only to decide that it was unworthy of him and to try to destroy all copies.

A Discussion of Nathaniel Hawthorne's Dr.

The life and works of nathaniel hawthorne

His increasing success in placing his stories brought him a little fame. Even when his first signed book, Twice-Told Tales, was published inthe work had brought gratifying recognition but no dependable income.

Hawthorne welcomed the companionship of his Transcendentalist neighbours, but he had little to say to them. Artists and intellectuals never inspired his full confidence, but he thoroughly enjoyed the visit of his old college friend and classmate Franklin Piercelater to become president of the United States.

At the Old Manse, Hawthorne continued to write stories, with the same result as before: His new short-story collection, Mosses from an Old Manse, appeared in Three years later the presidential election brought the Whigs into power under Zachary Taylorand Hawthorne lost his job; but in a few months of concentrated effort, he produced his masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter.

The book made Hawthorne famous and was eventually recognized as one of the greatest of American novels. Determined to leave Salem forever, Hawthorne moved to Lenoxlocated in the mountain scenery of the Berkshires in western Massachusetts.

There he began work on The House of the Seven Gablesthe story of the Pyncheon family, who for generations had lived under a curse until it was removed at last by love. At Lenox he enjoyed the stimulating friendship of Herman Melvillewho lived in nearby Pittsfield.

This friendship, although important for the younger writer and his work, was much less so for Hawthorne. But eventually Melville came to feel that the friendship he so ardently pursued was one-sided.

In the autumn of Hawthorne moved his family to another temporary residence, this time in West Newton, near Boston. There he quickly wrote The Blithedale Romancewhich was based on his disenchantment with Brook Farm.

Blithedale was disappointingly received and did not produce the income Hawthorne had expected. He was hoping for a lucrative political appointment that would bolster his finances; in the meantime, he wrote a campaign biography of his old friend Franklin Pierce.

When Pierce won the presidency, Hawthorne was in rewarded with the consulship in Liverpool, Lancashire, a position he hoped would enable him in a few years to leave his family financially secure. He performed his consular duties faithfully and effectively until his position was terminated inand then he spent a year and a half sight-seeing in Italy.

Determined to produce yet another romance, he finally retreated to a seaside town in England and quickly produced The Marble Faun. In writing it, he drew heavily upon the experiences and impressions he had recorded in a notebook kept during his Italian tour to give substance to an allegory of the Fall of man, a theme that had usually been assumed in his earlier works but that now received direct and philosophic treatment.The "definitive edition" of Hawthorne's works is The Centenary Edition of the Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, edited by William Charvat and others, published by The Ohio State University Press in twenty-three volumes between and Author Nathaniel Hawthorne (–) is best known for his novels 'The Scarlet Letter' and 'The House of Seven Gables,' and also wrote many short stories.

Born on July 4, , in Salem Born: Jul 04, Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, , in Salem, Massachusetts, a descendant of a long line of Puritan ancestors including John Hathorne, a presiding magistrate in the Salem witch trials. All references to Nathaniel Hawthorne 's fiction, letters, and journals, and certain of Sophia Hawthorne's letters, are to the Centenary Edition of the Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne and are cited by volume and page number in the text.

Twice-Told Tales (–) The Scarlet Letter (); The House of the Seven Gables ()Spouse: Sophia Peabody (m.

–64; his death). Here, Hawthorne was to write only two of his works: Tanglewood Tales, another collection designed for young readers, and A Life of Pierce, a campaign biography for his old friend from college.

As a result of the biography, President Pierce awarded Hawthorne with an appointment as United States consul in Liverpool, England.

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