Richardson pulls her bathrobe tight and looks around. She wonders aloud how Izzy could have done this to their family. The fire chief asks where the Richardsons will be staying, and Mrs.
Listening to present sounds 4. Remembering sounds Through her research, Oliveros concluded that the Sonic Meditations could produce healing, heightened states of awareness and expanded consciousness, changes in physiology and psychology, and new forms of communal relationships Sonic Meditations, "Introduction II".
She speaks of hearing as the "primary sense organ," and has summarized Deep Listening as follows: Such intense listening includes the sounds of daily life, of nature, or one's own thoughts as well as musical sounds.
Deep Listening represents a heightened state of awareness and connects to all that there is. Oliveros' aesthetic of Deep Listening thus encompasses a very wide, somewhat undefined area of musical thought and consciousness developed over four decades of composition and research.
In their practical applications, the forms of Deep Listening embodied in the Sonic Meditations hint at new types of music making, new concepts of social order, and new forms of spirituality. As the New York Times music critic, John Rockwell, has noted, "On some level, music, sound, consciousness and religion are all one, and she would seem to be very close to that level" quoted in Oliveros, Website.
The Sonic Meditations can be quite fun to perform. They are often more intimate than normal chamber music and create unusually intense feelings of rapport among the participants. They also create a sense of safety and creative freedom since there is no "right" or "wrong" way of performing them—the bane of both professional and non-professional musicians.
The Sonic Meditations embody the concepts of Deep Listening, which include nonjudgmental perception, the development of empathy through listening, the creation of nonhierarchical social relationships in music making, the expanded use of intuitive forms of internal and external awareness, and new understandings of sensuality and the body.
These practices are fundamental to Oliveros' work, and shape both her music making and teaching. She identifies creativity as fundamental to human dignity, and feels that helping others to be creative is an essential part of the artist's work.
To analyze the Sonic Meditations we will look at their relationship to some of the central components of Deep Listening. Deep Listening cultivates forms of perception unhindered by preconceptions.
One of the Deep Listener's goals is to listen to each and every sound exactly for what it is, nothing more, nothing less.
The Sonic Meditations thus focus our attention on how listening is an act of cognition that can "filter" or shape auditory perception. By practicing these forms of consciously mitigated listening, one learns to remove cognitive filters in order to experience deeper forms of audition.
This form of "nonjudgmental perception" was first introduced to western art music in the s by John Cage, who appropriated it from Zen Buddhism.
Oliveros' first contact with Zen came in the s, and she remains a practicing Tibetan Buddhist. The purpose of nonjudgmental perception in Zen is to break down the boundaries between perceiver and the perceived.
When the perceiver and the perceived are two, the ego persists in its function of differentiating and prevents the emergence of a full and creative awareness; nondifferentiation or nonjudgmental perception seeks to break down the boundaries between perceiver as subject and perceived as object.
The interpenetration of the two gives rise to a mind of harmony and the attainment of creativity Suzuki, Chang, Herrigel, Cage.
As the Deep Listener's discernment moves toward this form of nonjudgmental perception, he or she gains a particular form of dispassionate objectivity. This, in turn, renders a unique kind of freedom and detachment which gives works of art their most profound meaning.
Global and focal listening are forms of attention Oliveros employs in Deep Listening to increase awareness of the external and internal worlds, and of the cognitive processes that shape their relationship. These forms of listening are among the most important components of the Sonic Meditations.
In effect, we listen to listening.
We learn how listening is a form of conditioned discernment with profound cultural and existential implications. Global listening helps us learn that all other forms of sensation are essentially directional, even smell, but that listening is innately spherical.
We thus associate listening with the all-encompassing, the universal, even the transcendent. Through such reflection, we discover that it is only through cognitive processes of listening that we give hearing a "sense" of direction.Course Description.
Catalog: Literary form, historical occasions, and theological contents. 4 credits. Comment: It is hard to imagine the rise of Christianity without the towering and often controversial figure of Paul, the Apostle to the arteensevilla.com course shall explore the life, teachings and significance of St.
Paul through the lens of three of his epistles. 1 Thessalonians comes from. The academic discipline of "Pauline Studies" aims to reconstruct the life and thought of Paul, as fully possible, given the limitations of the sources. Thus the intention is to produce a biographical sketch of Paul's life, including Paul as a letter writer, and an outline of Paul’s theology.
Analysis of Pauline Puyat’s Tracks One of the most striking characteristics of Pauline Puyat is her devout Catholicism and her desire to be disconnected from the Ojibwa people.
Throughout Tracks, she openly chooses Catholicism over her native religion and abandons her native ways almost completely.
The main source for information about Paul's life is the material found in his epistles and in arteensevilla.comr, the epistles contain little information about Paul's past. 40 (Volume 20, No. 1) March, Introduction by The Editors.
SOCIALISM AND DEMOCRACY AT Frank Rosengarten – Looking Back in Order to Look Ahead: Twenty Years of Research and Publishing by the Research Group on Socialism and Democracy Victor Wallis – Socialism and Democracy During the First 20 Years of Socialism and Democracy.
A NEW WORLD ORDER?. The Pauline epistles are the fourteen books in the New Testament traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, although many dispute the anonymous Epistle to the Hebrews as being a Pauline epistle.. There is nearly universal consensus in modern New Testament scholarship on a core group of authentic Pauline epistles whose authorship is rarely contested: Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians.