In the literary world of Victorian London, Wilde fell in with an artistic crowd that included W. A great conversationalist and a famous wit, Wilde began by publishing mediocre poetry but soon achieved widespread fame for his comic plays. The first, Vera; or, The Nihilists, was published in
Wilde's mother had distant Italian ancestry,  and under the pseudonym "Speranza" the Italian word for 'hope'wrote poetry for the revolutionary Young Irelanders in ; she was a lifelong Irish nationalist.
A renowned philanthropist, his dispensary for the care of the city's poor at the rear of Trinity College, Dublinwas the forerunner of the Dublin Eye and Ear Hospital, now located at Adelaide Road. On his mother's side Wilde's ancestors included a bricklayer from County Durham who emigrated to Ireland sometime in the s.
When the church was closed, the records were moved to the nearby St. Ann's Church, Dawson Street. According to Fox's own testimony written by him years later in Donahoe's Magazine inJane Wilde would visit his chapel in Glencree, County Wicklow for Mass and would take her sons with her.
She then asked Father Fox to baptise her sons. After a few weeks I baptized these two children, Lady Wilde herself being present on the occasion.
Henry Wilson, born inand Emily and Mary Wilde, born in andrespectively, of different maternity to Henry. Sir William acknowledged paternity of his illegitimate children and provided for their education, but they were reared by his relatives rather than by his wife or with his legitimate children.
The Wildes' new home was larger and, with both his parents' sociality and success, it soon became a "unique medical and cultural milieu". Isola died aged nine of meningitis. Wilde's poem " Requiescat " is written to her memory. Trinity, one of the leading classical schools, placed him with scholars such as R.
Mahaffy who inspired his interest in Greek literature. He presented a paper titled "Aesthetic Morality". Magdalen College, Oxford[ edit ] At Magdalen, he read Greats from toand from there he applied to join the Oxford Unionbut failed to be elected.
Neither his father, who threatened to cut off his funds, nor Mahaffy thought much of the plan; but mostly Wilde, the supreme individualist, balked at the last minute from pledging himself to any formal creed.
On the appointed day of his baptism, Father Bowden received a bunch of altar lilies instead. Wilde retained a lifelong interest in Catholic theology and liturgy. He wore his hair long, openly scorned "manly" sports though he occasionally boxed,  and decorated his rooms with peacock feathers, lilies, sunflowers, blue china and other objets d'art, once remarking to friends whom he entertained lavishly, "I find it harder and harder every day to live up to my blue china.
This attitude resulted in his being rusticated for one term, when he nonchalantly returned to college late from a trip to Greece with Prof. Pater gave Wilde his sense of almost flippant devotion to art, though it was John Ruskin who gave him a purpose for it.
Ruskin admired beauty, but believed it must be allied with, and applied to, moral good.
When Wilde eagerly attended Ruskin's lecture series The Aesthetic and Mathematic Schools of Art in Florence, he learned about aesthetics as simply the non-mathematical elements of painting.
Despite being given to neither early rising nor manual labour, Wilde volunteered for Ruskin's project to convert a swampy country lane into a smart road neatly edged with flowers.
Sheppard of the Original Christy Minstrels made it famous and other performers sang it for decades afterwards. She became engaged to Bram Stoker and they married in He had been publishing lyrics and poems in magazines since entering Trinity College, especially in Kottabos and the Dublin University Magazine.Abstract Aestheticism in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray - 19th century England was entrenched in the idea that art could be used as not only a method of .
Oscar Wilde, in full Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde, (born October 16, , Dublin, Ireland—died November 30, , Paris, France), Irish wit, poet, and dramatist whose reputation rests on his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (), and on his comic masterpieces Lady Windermere’s Fan () and The Importance of Being Earnest ().
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Wilde published his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, before he reached the height of his fame.
The first edition appeared in the summer of in Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine. It was criticized as scandalous and immoral. Disappointed with its reception, Wilde revised the novel in , adding a preface and six new chapters.
Mar 29, · federal public service commission competitive examination for recruitment to posts in bps – 17 under the federal government, english literautre - paper i time allowed: (part-i) 30 minutes. From Camille Cauti's Introduction to The Picture of Dorian Gray.
Perhaps the most salient episode of Wilde's life involved his three infamous court trials in spring