Etymology[ edit ] The dio- element has been associated since antiquity with Zeus genitive Dios. This is attested on two tablets that had been found at Mycenaean Pylos and dated to the 12th or 13th century BC, but at the time, there could be no certainty on whether this was indeed a theonym. A Dio- prefix is found in other names, such as that of the Dioscuresand may derive from Dios, the genitive of the name of Zeus.
Flying over the scene in the guise of an eagle, Zeus fell in love with Semele and repeatedly visited her secretly. Appearing as an old crone Hera befriended Semele, who confided in her that her lover was actually Zeus.
Curious, Semele asked Zeus to grant her a boon. Zeus, eager to please his beloved, promised on the River Styx to grant her anything she wanted. She then demanded that Zeus reveal himself in all his glory as proof of his divinity.
Though Zeus begged her not to ask this, she persisted and he was forced by his oath to comply. Zeus tried to spare her by showing her the smallest of his bolts and the sparsest thunderstorm clouds he could find. Mortals, however, cannot look upon the gods without incinerating, and she perished, consumed in lightning-ignited flame.
A few months later, Dionysus was born. This leads to his being called "the twice-born". Jupiter gave his torn up heart in a drink to Semele, who became pregnant this way. But in another account, Zeus swallows the heart himself, in order to beget his seed on Semele.
Hera then convinces Semele to ask Zeus to come to her as a god, and on doing so she dies, and Zeus seals the unborn baby up in his thigh.
Since an Oriental inscribed cylindrical seal found at the palace can be dated 14thth centuries BCE,  the myth of Semele must be Mycenaean or earlier in origin.
At the Alcyonian Lake near the prehistoric site of LernaDionysus, guided by Prosymnus or Polymnus, descended to Tartarus to free his once-mortal mother.
Annual rites took place there in classical times; Pausanias refuses to describe them. And others yet, lord, say you were born in Thebes; but all these lie. The Father of men and gods gave you birth remote from men and secretly from white-armed Hera.
There is a certain Nysaa mountain most high and richly grown with woods, far off in Phoenice, near the streams of Aegyptus One-ninth was burnt on the altar in the Hellenic way; the rest was torn and eaten raw by the votaries. Semele embracing her son Dionysus, with Apollo looking on and a satyr playing an aulos In Etruscan culture[ edit ] Semele is attested with the Etruscan name form Semladepicted on the back of a bronze mirror from the fourth century BCE.
Roscher includes the name Stimula among the indigitamentathe lists of Roman deities maintained by priests to assure that the correct divinity was invoked in public rituals.
Inhabited, they say, by Italian Maenads. Inoasking them their nation, learned they were ArcadiansAnd that Evander was the king of the place. Arcadas esse audit et Euandrum sceptra tenere loci; dissimulata deam Latias Saturnia Bacchas instimulat fictis insidiosa sonis:Dionysos (Roman name: Bacchus) was the ancient Greek god of wine, merriment, and arteensevilla.com the bad boy of Mt.
Olympus, he was perhaps the most colourful of the Olympian Gods. In Greek mythology, despite being the son of Zeus and Semele (the daughter of Kadmos and Harmonia), Dionysos did not receive the best start in life .
In Greek mythology, he is presented as a son of Zeus and the mortal Semele, thus semi-divine or heroic: and as son of Zeus and Persephone or Demeter, thus both fully divine, part-chthonic and possibly identical with Iacchus of the Eleusinian arteensevilla.com equivalent: Bacchus, Liber.
Son of Zeus and Hera, both parents detested him God of war Has no distinct personality (Bacchus) Son of Zeus and Semele (a Theban princess) God of the vine. Aeolus. King of the winds, only a viceroy of the gods Moirae in Greek Parcae in Latin Give men at birth the ability to do evil and good Three sisters (see next cards).
Most of them also have ADHD and dyslexia to help them learn Latin and ancient Greek and to help them after the son of Zeus. Perseus is a Greek name which means "destroyer." The name is a reference to Poseidon, who is known to cause destruction like storms, earthquakes, shipwrecks, etc., when angered.
Titans and nymphs can sire demigod. Transcript of GREEK vs ROMAN. Similarities Mythology Both greek and roman have the same mythology but the names are different and it is told different. Kind of like when you retell stories over and over.
Dionysus (Bacchus): God of wine; son of Zeus and Semele. Dioscuri: Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus. Dis: See Pluto, Hades. Dionysus was the son of Zeus and Semele, a daughter of Cadmus (king of Thebes).
Out of jealousy, Hera, the wife of Zeus, persuaded the pregnant Semele to prove her lover’s divinity by requesting that he appear in his real person.
Zeus complied, but his power was too great for the mortal Semele, who was blasted with thunderbolts.